Victorian

Victorian style refers to a period in the mid-to-late 19th century that features a series of architectural revival styles. The styles often included interpretations and revivals of historic styles, sometimes adding the influence of Middle East and Asian cultures. In the United States, Victorian architecture generally describes styles that were most popular between 1860 and 1900. During the 19th century many architects immigrated to the United States to start their careers. Usually, they applied architectural styles that were fashionable when they left England.

The Features of Victorian Style Architecture:

  • Window Features: Bay Window, Reveal Window, Oriel Window, Transoms, Dormers
  • Exterior Features: A molding going around a house with rectangle holes in it – sometimes known as “gingerbread” ornamentation, Clapboard Siding
  • Architectural Features: Columns, Cornices, Gables, Pediments, Lintels, Entablature (The upper section of a classical building, resting on the columns and constituting the architrave, frieze, and cornice)
  • Extra Features: Porticos, Turrets, Mansard Roof

The Features of Victorian Interior Design:

  • Noted for orderliness and ornamentation
  • Idealistically divided into rooms, with separate public and private space
  • Parlour: The most important room, the showcase for homeowners, and used for the entertainment of guests
  • Bare rooms were considered bad taste – so surfaces were filled with objects that reflected the owner’s interests
  • Dining Room: The second-most important room – the sideboard was usually the focal point, and very ornately decorated
  • Paint colors: Based on the use of the room, specific rules based on the color wheel, ceiling lighter than walls
  • Marbleized walls or woodwork, scored plaster to resemble stone, faux “graining,” wainscoting, decorated ceilings
  • Furniture: Many styles, Gothic and Rococo revival most common
  • Wallpaper: Elaborate floral patterns, leaf patterns, embossed paper on ceilings and friezes